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Запуск программ через WineBottler

В случае выбора данного упаковщика придется сделать ряд дополнительных действий. Для начала ознакомьтесь с перечнем программ, которые уже адаптированы разработчиками WineBottler для работы в OS X. Если попалось подходящее приложение, достаточно лишь скачать его. Если нужной программы нет (каталог в WineBottler не впечатляет), как и в предыдущем способе, потребуется установщик или portable-версия нужного приложения.

Когда все нужное скачано, переходим на вкладку Advanced, на ней и происходит «магия». В поле «Program to install» выбираем подходящий пункт:

  • следует отметить «This is an installer», если скачали установщик;
  • «This is the actual program, copy it to the App Bundle» выбираем, если скачали portable-версию, состоящую из одного *.exe файла;
  • последнюю опцию «This is the actual program, copy it and all files…» выбираем в случае использования portable-версии состоящей из нескольких файлов.

Теперь указываем нужный файл windows-программы.

Продвинутые пользователи могут покопаться в разделе «Winetricks». Здесь можно упаковать в приложение библиотеки, необходимые для запуска. Например, если вы знаете, что программа не работает без net framework или visual C++, следует добавить соответствующие параметры. Я рекомендую первый раз не добавлять лишнего, а уж если приложение откажется работать, пробовать экспериментировать.

Нажимаем Install и ждем. Если WineBottler получил инсталлятор, то пройдет обычная процедура установки, потребуется понажимать кнопку Next, в остальных случаях все произойдет без вашего вмешательства.

На выходе мы получим упакованное приложение, аналогичное программам среды OS X. Можно переписать его в соответствующую папку в системе и пользоваться, забыв о WineBottler.

Cryptographic Update for WineBottler 4.0.1.1

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Keep me goinggive me coffee!

We Love Bitcoins

x

1PvaWQouvP64gvqyhiddDfGhxNVYGScyfi

Cryptographic Needs

Thank you very much for all your feedback for WineBottler 4.0.1 ! It shows us, that the need for better support of wines cryptographic functions is in high demand. And yes, I really try to read most of your feedback. But I’m very sorry, that I can answer only a small fraction of your messages, especially if it comes to debug individual problems, as that consumes a considerable amount of time.

ntlm_auth and gnuTLS

The size of the Wine.app is growing rapidly. Because of that I’m not to happy about adding new libs. But with the very justified enforcement of encrypted connection on all channels I’ve added sambas ntlm_auth and gnuTLS to support more cryptographic functions. This way browsers and Game Clients can connect properly. And (once again) you shouldn’t see the dreaded:

WineBottler 4.0.1.1 running Steam

Gatekeeper

As noticed by several people, my Apple Developer ID Certificates did expired lately, so that Gatekeeper made you do the Unidentified-Developer-Dance and open WineBottler via maxOSs Security & Privacy settings. WineBottler 4.0.1.1 is now properly signed with my new certificates, but the dancing will continue with the older downloads until they are re-signed. New fun looms with Apples Notarization requirements.

Other Changes

At the moment, our main focus is to improve the overall stability of the package. This is why this build of Wine.app is still based on Wine 4.0.1. There might be some more 4.0.1 iterations before we move on to more current builds of WineHQ.

  • made included libs and binaries fully relocatable
  • support for 64 bit prefixes in Wine.app
  • support Darkmode on macOS Mojave in WineBottler and Wine.app
  • fix search for existing WineBottler apps and Wine prefixes
  • removed obsolete code and env variables for X11

Look out for the new builds at winebottler.kronenberg.org.

Cheers
Mike

Our site has moved

The new address is getapp.com.

Click on a category to see the list of apps on our new website:

  • Collaboration Software
  • Board Management Software
  • Instant Messaging & Chat Software
  • Intranet Software
  • Construction CRM Software
  • Construction Estimating Software
  • Punch List Software
  • Appointment Reminder Software
  • Appointments and Scheduling Software
  • CRM Software
  • Data Collection Software
  • Membership Management Software
  • Reservation & Online Booking Software
  • Small Business Loyalty Programs Software
  • Call Center Software
  • Complaint Management Software
  • Customer Service Software
  • Feedback and Reviews Management Software
  • Help Desk & Ticketing Software
  • Live Chat Software
  • Application Builder Software
  • School Management Software
  • Student Information System Software
  • Tutoring Software
  • Augmented Reality Software
  • Finance & Accounting Software
  • Anti-Money Laundering Software
  • Billing & Invoicing Software
  • Debt Collection Software
  • Expense Management Software
  • Loan Servicing Software
  • Payment Management Software
  • Financial Reporting Software
  • Social Work Case Management Software
  • Home Health Care Software
  • Medical Inventory Software
  • Patient Management Software
  • Catering Software
  • Tour Operator Software
  • Travel Agency Software
  • Vacation Rental Software
  • HR & Employee Management Software
  • Absence & Leave Management Software
  • Applicant Tracking (ATS) Software
  • Coaching Software
  • Employee Recognition Software
  • Human Resources (HR) Software
  • Mentoring Software
  • OKR Software
  • Performance Management & Appraisal Software
  • Electrical Contractor Software
  • Kennel Software
  • Pet Sitting Software
  • Mobile Software
  • Data Entry Software
  • Electronic Data Capture Software
  • License Management Software
  • Managed Service Providers (MSP) Software
  • Middleware Software
  • System Administration Software
  • Advertising Software
  • Market Research Software
  • Public Relations Software
  • Referral Marketing Software
  • Operations Management Software
  • Business Management Software
  • Equipment Maintenance Software
  • Field Service Management (FSM) Software
  • Inventory Management Software
  • Policy Management Software
  • Quality Management Software
  • Service Dispatch Software
  • Visitor Management Software
  • Warehouse Management Software
  • Production Scheduling Software
  • Project Management Software
  • Strategic Planning Software
  • HOA Software
  • Health & Fitness Software
  • Massage Therapy Software
  • Personal Trainer Software
  • Auto Dealers Software
  • Auto Repair Software
  • Computer Repair Shop Software
  • Dry Cleaning Software
  • Food Delivery Software
  • Pet Grooming Software
  • Salon Software
  • Pricing Optimization Software
  • Quoting Software
  • Sales Commission Software
  • Sales Management Software
  • Transportation & Logistics Software
  • Courier Software
  • Delivery Management Software
  • Route Planning Software
  • Transportation Dispatch Software
  • Form Builder Software
  • Online Community Software
  • Web to Print Software

WineBottler 1.7.52

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WineBottler 1.7.52 is a major update which sports some thrilling new features.

Runs on OS X El Capitan

Probably the most important feature is the update to run on OS X El Capitan. In Apples proven one-two-combination, after the visual fixes in OS X Yosemite, we could expect a major cleanup in OS X El Capitan. Apple did this with security on its mind, so the proverb “There is the Easy Way and Then There is the Right Way” smacked the lazy dev in the face, once again.

First, Apple got rid of LD_LIBRARY_PATH and DYLD_FALLBACK_LIBRARY_PATH. Forcing us to “otool -L” and “install_name_tool -change” thru all the bins and libs of Wine to use proper @rpath relative paths for all Wine related libraries. The result is, of course, a correct linking through out the app — thank you Apple. I guess somebody has to kick you once a while to come up with proper solutions.

Then Apple implemented App Transport Security which forces us to use secure connections for interactions between Apps and web services – or to disable it. For now it is disabled in WineBottler, but I’m working hard on offering SSL connections to get this right. After all it is all about security and privacy.

Further there where some GUI/multithreading glitches (Toolbar and FilePicker dialog) that lead to crashes on El Capitan and the new requirements that have been sorted out.

Saves up to 92% harddrive-space

Yep, this one sounds to good to be true… right? But here we go:
A clean Wine prefix weights in about 35mb. But Wine requires big add ons like gecko (for Webservices, 50mb) and mono (for .net Apps, 200mb) by default. They might not be needed by your app, but blow up an empty prefix up to 300mb. These two add ons can now be excluded: down 84%.

Further we added an option, to remove the “c:\users” directory when shipping an app. Wine will automatically add new users, when the app is run on a clients Mac.
Then you can automatically remove installer files (.msi) from your prefix before shipping – if they are no longer needed.

Lastly, we have optimized how WineBottler runs your prefixes. To this point, WineBottler will copy a prefix from the App to the folder ~/Application Support. This approach allows us to install Apps to restricted System folders, or Codesign them, without breaking the signature or having to give read and write access to the app, since the App works in the users Applications Support folder. We stick to that design, but we no longer copy, but link the files to ~/Application Support. Changes files will break the link and replace it with the new file. Unchanged files will only take up some bites, instead of a complete copy, saving nearly 50% of disk-space. THIS FEATURE IS STILL VERY NEW AND IN TESTING! So I’m more than happy to hear from you.

Thank you very much!

Listening to Dabu Fantastic playing on MusicBee 2.5 on WineBottler on OS X El Capitan.

As usual: head over to winebottler.kronenberg.org and grab your copy .

enjoy

Mike

WineBottler 1.7.37

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Fixed OpenGL and X11 fallback

This update comes with

  • fix for the X11 fallback (missing dylib).
  • fix for – that should allow you to install WineBottler without lowering your security-settings.

And it is pushing Wine.app to 1.7.37.
Wine changelog: winehq.org

There will be an update to the stable branch of WineBottler and Wine.app, based on Wine 1.6.2 and all the new WineBottler features that appeard since WineBottler 1.6.1 came out.

That said, I will land some major changes to the unstable branch starting next week .

Running Notepad++ 6.7.3 on WineBottler on OS X Yosemite.

As usual: head over to winebottler.kronenberg.org and grab your copy .

enjoy

Mike

Sizes

Many traditional wine bottle sizes are named for Biblical kings and historical figures. The chart below lists the sizes of various wine bottles in multiples relating to a standard bottle of wine, which is 0.75 litres (0.20 US gal; 0.16 imp gal) (six 125 ml servings). The «wineglassful»—an official unit of the apothecaries’ system of weights—is much smaller at 2.5 imp fl oz (71 ml).

Most champagne houses are unable to carry out secondary fermentation in bottles larger than a magnum due to the difficulty in riddling large, heavy bottles. After the secondary fermentation completes, the champagne must be transferred from the magnums into larger bottles, which results in a loss of pressure. Some believe this re-bottling exposes the champagne to greater oxidation and therefore results in an inferior product compared to champagne which remains in the bottle in which it was fermented.

Volume (litres) Ratio Name Notes Champagne Bordeaux Burgundy
0.1875 0.25 Piccolo «Small» in Italian. Also known as a quarter bottle, pony, snipe or split. Yes
0.2 0.2667 Quarter Used for Champagne Yes
0.25 0.33 Chopine Traditional French unit of volume Yes
0.375 0.5 Demi «Half» in French. Also known as a half bottle Yes «Half» Yes Yes
0.378 0.505 Tenth One tenth of a *
0.5 0.67 Also known as a 50 cl bottle. Used for Tokaj, Sauternes, Jerez, as well as several other types of sweet wines, also common for cheaper wines in Switzerland Yes «Demie» or «Pinte»
0.620 0.83 Clavelin Primarily used for vin jaune
0.750 1 Standard Yes Yes Yes
0.757 1.01 Fifth One-fifth of a * (before 1979)
1.0 1.33 Litre Popular size for Austrian wines
1.5 2 Magnum Yes Yes Yes
2.25 3 Marie Jeanne Also known as a Tregnum or Tappit Hen in the port wine trade Yes
3.0 4 Jeroboam Biblical, first king of Northern Kingdom. «Jeroboam» indicates different sizes in different regions of France. Yes Yes Yes
4.5 6 Yes
4.5 6 Rehoboam Biblical, First king of separate Judea Yes Yes
5.0 6.67 McKenzie Uncommon, primarily found in France Yes
6.0 8 Imperial Yes
6.0 8 Methuselah Biblical, Oldest Man Yes Yes
9.0 12 Salmanazar Biblical, Assyrian King Yes Yes Yes
12.0 16 Balthazar or Belshazzar Balthazar—one of three Wise Men to present gifts at Jesus’ nativity; Belshazzar can also denote the co-regent of Babylon during the madness of Nebuchadnezzar, for whom the next-larger bottle size is named. Yes Yes Yes
15.0 20 Nebuchadnezzar Biblical, King of Babylon Yes Yes Yes
18.0 24 Melchior One of three Wise Men to present gifts at Jesus’ nativity Yes Yes Yes
18.0 24 Solomon Biblical, King of Israel, Son of David Yes
26.25 35 Sovereign Reportedly created by Taittinger in 1988 for the launch of the then world’s largest cruise liner Sovereign of the Seas Yes
27.0 36 Primat or Goliath «Primat» likely from the Late Latin prīmās (chief, noble); Goliath—Biblical, killed by David Yes Yes
30.0 40 Melchizedek or Midas Melchizedek—Biblical, King of Salem; Midas may refer to the of Phrygia in Greek mythology Yes

* For many years, the US standard (non-metric) wine and liquor bottle was the «fifth», meaning one-fifth of a , or 25.6 US fluid ounces (757 ml; 26.6 imp fl oz). Some beverages also came in tenth-gallon , eighth-gallon , sixth-gallon , fourth-gallon , half-gallon and one-gallon sizes. In 1979, the US adopted the metric system for liquor bottles, with the basic wine bottle becoming 750 ml, as in Europe.[citation needed]

Uninstalling Wine

Using Homebrew:

brew rm wine && brew rm $(join 

Using MacPorts, uninstall the wine package you previously installed:

sudo port uninstall --follow-dependencies wine

Replace wine with wine-devel if you installed the development version.

Using Fink:

fink remove wine

Replace wine with wine-dev if you installed the development version.

Otherwise and if you used `sudo make install`, revert it:

sudo make uninstall

Then simply delete your local Wine source code directory:

rm -rf src/wine

Clean-up pseudo C: drive and registry entries as well as all programs installed to C:

rm -rf $HOME/.wine

Check the hidden directory `$HOME/.local/` where Wine stores some desktop menu entries and icon files as it interoperates with the X.Org Foundation and the Free Desktop.

rm -rf $HOME/.local

Note: Files in this directory are unused on macOS unless you use a UNIX window manager and other X11 applications instead of the native MacOS apps.

Requirements

To install Wine on your Mac, you will need the following:

  • macOS 10.10 (Yosemite) or above (but 10.15 Catalina is not recommended)
  • Access to an Admin account, with password
  • An internet connection

To check what version of macOS you’re running,
click on the Apple logo on the far left side of the toolbar,
select «About This Mac», and look at your version
number under the big «macOS» or «OS X». If it’s 10.10 or higher, you’re all set.

Note that Wine does not work well with macOS 10.15 Catalina. Apple removed 32-bit support
in Catalina, which is a critical part of the macOS system that almost all of Wine relies on.
You can run 64-bit applications through Wine on Catalina, but very few applications for Windows
are 64-bit. If you need to use Wine, you should not upgrade to Catalina.

You need an Admin account on your Mac because only Admins can install software.
You will need to be logged in to this Admin account during the installation.
If there is only one account on your computer, it is an Admin account.
The account must have a password: if the account has no password,
the utility will fail. To set or change your password,
go to the Accounts section in System Preferences.

Запуск программ через Wine


После того, как приложение Wine из образа перенесено в папку Программы, оно готово к работе. Можно держать его постоянно запущенным или ассоциировать с *.exe файлами и запускать их через Wine.

Скачиваем нужную нам windows-программу, например, Faststone Image Viewer. Для загрузки предлагается установщик или архив с уже распакованным приложением (так называемая “portable” версия). При использовании Wine лучше искать именно установленные приложения, но и инсталляторы тоже подойдут.
В первом случае получаем папку с Faststone Image Viewer, находим в ней исполняемый *.exe файл и запускаем при помощи Wine. Программа из мира «окон» отлично работает на OS X.


Если загрузили установщик – аналогично запускаем его через Wine. Видим знакомое, но позабытое диалоговое меню установки. Выбираем нужные компоненты и завершаем процесс инсталляции. Наша программа установлена в своего рода «песочницу» внутри Wine. Из меню приложения можно попасть в файловый менеджер и найти папку с установленным приложением. Оттуда же можно запустить его.


Принципиальной разницы между способами нет, при наличии распакованной программы её удобнее запускать. На счет «песочницы» не переживайте, установленный софт сможет взаимодействовать с файлами на Mac, просматривать и редактировать их. Никаких расшариваний, общих папок и добавления прав не потребуется.

Punts

An empty (Bordeaux-style) wine bottle with a punt at its base.

A punt, also known as a kick-up, is the dimple at the bottom of a wine bottle. There is no consensus explanation for its purpose.[citation needed] The more commonly cited explanations include:

  • It is a historical remnant from the era when wine bottles were using a blowpipe and pontil. This technique leaves a punt mark on the base of the bottle; by indenting the point where the pontil is attached, this scar would not scratch the table or make the bottle unstable.
  • It had the function of making the bottle less likely to topple over—a bottle designed with a flat bottom only needs a small imperfection to make it unstable—the dimple historically allowed for a larger margin of error.[citation needed]
  • It consolidates sediment deposits in a thick ring at the bottom of the bottle, preventing much/most of it from being poured into the glass; this may be more an historical than a functional attribute since most modern wines contain little or no sediment.
  • It increases the strength of the bottle, allowing it to hold the high pressure of sparkling wine/champagne.
  • It provides a grip for riddling a bottle of sparkling wine manually in the traditional champagne production process.
  • It consumes some volume of the bottle, allowing the bottle to appear larger for the same amount of wine, which may impress the purchaser.
  • In folklore, taverns had a steel pin set vertically in the bar. The empty bottle would be thrust bottom-end down onto this pin, puncturing a hole in the top of the punt, guaranteeing the bottle could not be refilled.
  • It prevents the bottle from resonating as easily, decreasing the likelihood of shattering during transportation.[citation needed]
  • It allows bottles to be more easily stacked end to end.
  • Bottles could be stacked in cargo holds on ships without rolling around and breaking.[citation needed]
  • It makes the bottle easier to clean prior to filling with wine. When a stream of water is injected into the bottle and impacts the punt, it is distributed throughout the bottom of the bottle and removes residues.[citation needed]

Part 3: Install Windows Programs Using Wine

To install a Windows program, first download the installer file:
it should end with .exe. Remember the location you put it, and open up
the Terminal again. to the location, and use to make sure you can
see the installer file. (Note: if you do not know what and are,
you should learn how to use the command line
before using Wine.)

Once you are in the correct directory, run the installer through Wine
by running the following command in the Terminal:

wine $INSTALLER.exe

Where is the name of the installer file. For example,
if the installer file is named , you would run:

wine setup.exe

A window will pop up with a regular graphical Windows installer.
Click through it, and you’re done!

Making a Dock Icon

Many people want to be able to run Windows programs the same way
they run other programs on the Mac: by clicking an icon in the Dock.
Wine isn’t specifically designed to support this, but with a little trickery,
we can make it do what we want.

Note: Wine prints out error messages in the Terminal when something goes wrong.
By launching Windows programs via a Dock icon, you are sidestepping the
Terminal, which means that if something does go wrong and Wine has to quit,
it will not be able to tell you what the problem was. The first step
to solving a problem is knowing what it is, so without running Wine
from the Terminal, you won’t be able to fix it, and neither will anyone else.
Running from the Dock is fine as long as your program seems to be working
correctly, but if it crashes, the first thing you should try is running it
from the Terminal instead: it won’t prevent the program from crashing,
but it will give you some clues on how to fix the problem.

In order to launch a Windows program via the Dock, we’re going to
write an AppleScript
that launches the program for us, and then put
that AppleScript in the Dock. Essentially, we’re writing a program ourselves!
Don’t worry, it’s easy enough. There is a program on your computer
that is designed for helping you write AppleScripts:
it’s called «Script Editor», and you can find it in the
directory of your computer,
same as the Terminal itself.

Open up the Script Editor. You should see a window with a large area
you can type in near the top: this is where you write your AppleScript.
In that area, type the following text:

tell application "Terminal"
    do script "/usr/local/bin/wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\\ Files/$PATH_TO_PROGRAM.exe"
end tell

You’ll need to replace with the path from the
Program Files directory to your program executable. You can see that
you’re simply telling the AppleScript to run a line of code in the Terminal:
the same line of code that you could run to start your Windows program.

Next, press the Compile button at the top of the window.
The text should become colored to indicate that Script Editor
understands what you wrote. You can also try pressing the Run button
to run your script: it should open the Windows program successfully.

Lastly, save your script. You can give it whatever name you’d like,
but be sure to select File Format: Application in the save options,
and leave Startup Screen unchecked.

Open up the Finder, go to where you saved your script, and drag that
file to your Dock. It should stay there, just like a real application — because it is a real application! However, all it does is run
that launcher command for you, so you can move the application around,
rename it, or even delete it, and it won’t affect the Windows program
that you’re running.

Keeping Wine Up to Date

Wine is an open source program. That means that programmers
around the world are continually improving it, adding new features
and squashing bugs. If you don’t update Wine, though, it will never
get those improvements, so it’s generally a good idea to check for updates
every so often. We can use Homebrew to keep Wine up to date: it’s easy!
Just run this command:

brew upgrade

With this command, Homebrew will first update itself, if any updates
are available. It will then find all the outdated software it knows about
(including Wine) and upgrade them all to the latest version.
Checking for updates isn’t strictly necessary, as Wine runs quite well
currently. However, it’s a good idea to run this command every few months
or so.

Uninstalling Wine and Homebrew

If you try Wine and you don’t like it, uninstalling it is easy.
Just run this command:

brew cask uninstall wine-stable

And Homebrew will helpfully remove Wine from your computer.
However, in order to install Wine, Homebrew also had to install many other
small programs that Wine relies upon to work correctly.
(That’s why the install process takes so long!)
If you want to remove these as well,
:

ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/uninstall)"

That script will remove everthing that you installed in this tutorial,
including Homebrew, Wine, and all the other programs Homebrew installed
to get Wine to work correctly.

64-bit support with WineBottler 4.0.1

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64-bit – Driven by need

With 64-bit only macOS Catalina around the corner and therefore the imminent loss of 32-bit, I had to sort out my toolchain where Wine is still playing a major role.
I therefore rebased my build-environment on macOS High Sierra and XCode 9.4.1. That is the last combination where I can compile both architectures of Wine in one run. As Clang 32-bit is already removed in macOS Mojave. I was able to install the command line tools of XCode 9.4.1 on it, but in the end, I opted for a clean solution. As the already heavy bending of environment variables to build self-contained versions of Wine got to an all-new level with multiple versions of XCode installed :).
But moving up to High Sierra has its price. The new builds will only run on machines with High Sierra or newer. (Let me know if you still need to run WineBottler on older versions of macOS, it might be possible to move one or two incarnations back. Possibly not as far as the now really outdated WineBottler 2.0 or WineBottler 1-8 did. They were still built on OS X 10.6.8 and had a spectacular range of OS versions supported :D).

16-bit, 32-bit and 64-bit

Back to today: The new builds of Wine.app for WineBottler are based on Wine 4.0.1 and come as shared WoW64 builds. They feature the 32-bit and the 64-bit Wine. Even 16-bit programs still work with the current setup. Further, the builds do include Mono (which was already bi-arch) and both architectures of Gecko.

WineBottler 4.0.1 64-bit Settings

I did some groundlaying work to include 64-bit support into WineBottlers app-building, already: You can easily select the correct operating-system / architecture combination. But things need to get a little bit smarter still to manage the two possible that are required. I still consider this build preliminary work. Id est I did not test the setup with macOS Catalina, yet. But I plan on moving all my 32-bit Windows-based programs to their 64-bit counterparts anyway, so I\’m not concerned with 32-bit too much.

Fixes

Finally, we have landed some UI fixes, too. They remove glitches on macOS Mojave, especially in Darkmode. Further, we have addressed missing icons and problems when selecting the exe to be run.

WineBottler 4.0.1 running 16-bit Bang Bang!WineBottler 4.0.1 running 64-bit FireFox

Look out for the new builds at winebottler.kronenberg.org

Cheers Mike

Cryptographic Update for WineBottler 4.0.1.1

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Keep me goinggive me coffee!

We Love Bitcoins

x

1PvaWQouvP64gvqyhiddDfGhxNVYGScyfi

Cryptographic Needs

Thank you very much for all your feedback for WineBottler 4.0.1 ! It shows us, that the need for better support of wines cryptographic functions is in high demand. And yes, I really try to read most of your feedback. But I’m very sorry, that I can answer only a small fraction of your messages, especially if it comes to debug individual problems, as that consumes a considerable amount of time.

ntlm_auth and gnuTLS

The size of the Wine.app is growing rapidly. Because of that I’m not to happy about adding new libs. But with the very justified enforcement of encrypted connection on all channels I’ve added sambas ntlm_auth and gnuTLS to support more cryptographic functions. This way browsers and Game Clients can connect properly. And (once again) you shouldn’t see the dreaded:

WineBottler 4.0.1.1 running Steam

Gatekeeper

As noticed by several people, my Apple Developer ID Certificates did expired lately, so that Gatekeeper made you do the Unidentified-Developer-Dance and open WineBottler via maxOSs Security & Privacy settings. WineBottler 4.0.1.1 is now properly signed with my new certificates, but the dancing will continue with the older downloads until they are re-signed. New fun looms with Apples Notarization requirements.

Other Changes

At the moment, our main focus is to improve the overall stability of the package. This is why this build of Wine.app is still based on Wine 4.0.1. There might be some more 4.0.1 iterations before we move on to more current builds of WineHQ.

  • made included libs and binaries fully relocatable
  • support for 64 bit prefixes in Wine.app
  • support Darkmode on macOS Mojave in WineBottler and Wine.app
  • fix search for existing WineBottler apps and Wine prefixes
  • removed obsolete code and env variables for X11

Look out for the new builds at winebottler.kronenberg.org.

Cheers
Mike

Environmental impact

Glass retains its color on recycling, and the United Kingdom has a large surplus of green glass because it imports a large quantity of wine but produces very little. 1.4 million tons are sent to landfill annually.

Glass is a relatively heavy packing material and wine bottles use quite thick glass, so the tare weight of a full wine bottle is a relatively high proportion of its gross weight. The average weight of an empty 750 ml wine bottle is 500 g (and can range from 300 to 900 g), which makes the glass 40% of the total weight of the full bottle. This has led to suggestions that wine should be exported in bulk from producer regions and bottled close to the market. This would reduce the cost of transportation and its carbon footprint, and provide a local market for recycled green glass.

Less radically, box wine is sold in large-size light cardboard and foil containers, though its use has been restricted to cheaper products in the past and as such retains a stigma. Following declining sales of wine boxes in the UK, in 2009 the Office for National Statistics removed them from its Consumer Price Index measure of inflation. Some wine producers are exploring more alternative packagings such as plastic bottles and tetra packs.

Colors

The traditional colors used for wine bottles are:

  • Bordeaux: dark green for reds, light green for dry whites, colorless for sweet whites.
  • Burgundy and the Rhone: dark green.
  • Mosel and Alsace: dark to medium green, although some producers have traditionally used amber.
  • Rhine: amber, although some producers have traditionally used green.
  • Champagne: Usually dark to medium green. Rosé champagnes are usually a colorless or green.

Clear colorless bottles have recently become popular with white wine producers in many countries, including Greece, Canada and New Zealand. Dark-colored bottles are most commonly used for red wines, but many white wines also still come in dark green bottles. The main reason for using colored or tinted glass is that natural sunlight can break down desirable antioxidants such as vitamin c and tannins in a wine over time, which affects storability and can cause a wine to prematurely oxidise. Dark glass can prevent oxidation and increase storage life. It is therefore mostly ready-to-drink white wines with a short anticipated storage lifespan which are bottled in clear colorless bottles.

WineBottler 1.8-rc4

by |

Yep… Wine is turning final to a new stable!

… and so is WineBottler.
After the dust of the major changes in WineBottler 1.7.52 have settled, this one comes only with minor fixes and improvements.
The most important might be the rebinding of the CMD-key. As 80% have voted on having the CMD-key doing the work of the CTRL-key, this feature is on by default, now.
A big thank you flies out to Tobias B. on directing my head to it :).

Looking at a fracture in MERLIN PACS Viewer on WineBottler on OS X El Capitan.

As usual: head over to winebottler.kronenberg.org and grab your copy .

Enjoy!
Mike

PS
… no, it’s not my shoulder. Txs for asking.

Предыстория

Я не знаю таких людей, которые никогда не пользовались операционной системой Windows. Так уж повелось, что «окна» получили колоссальное распространение на постсоветском пространстве и попользоваться ими довелось почти каждому, кто имел дело с компьютерами. Кто-то пересел на Mac давно, кто-то совсем недавно, у меня даже был неприятный период общения с Windows после долгой работы на «яблочных» компьютерах. «Чистокровные» пользователи Mac OS мне не встречались.

За время работы с Windows у каждого появлялись свои полезные и любимые must-have приложения, которых с переходом на OS X может не хватать. Часть софта легко можно заменить аналогами, есть кроссплатформенные решения, но некоторые приложения существуют только в мире Windows.

Я жалею лишь об одной программе — Faststone Image Viewer. Простой и удобный фото-редактор, который в большинстве случаев быстрее Photoshop может обрезать или сжать картинку, сохранить файл в другом формате или просто выступить полноэкранным просмотрщиком.

Я настолько привык к этой программе, что периодически возвращаюсь к поиску полноценной замены, но, к сожалению, ничего подходящего найти не могу. Если с функциями просмотра справляется стандартное одноименное приложение, то для редактирования хочется чего-то простого, но функционального. Было даже несколько подходов к программе Фото, но не сложилось. Кстати, а вы пользуетесь Фото в OS X?

Part 4: Run Windows Programs Using Wine

Open up the Terminal and run this to get to your Program Files folder:

cd ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/

Run ls to see what programs you have installed. Pick a program,
and enter its directory using cd. (If the folder has a space in it,
you must type a \ before the space. For example, .
If you’re having problems, try using tab autocomplete.)
There should be a file that ends in : this is the program file.
Type this into Terminal:

wine $PROGRAM.exe

Where is the name of the file. For example, if the program
file is named , you would run:

wine STARCRAFT.EXE

The program will pop up in a new window, ready to use!
Enjoy using Windows on your Mac, freely and legally!

Что будем делать

Вернемся к основной теме статьи. Ваша история может отличаться от моей, но объединять их будет потребность в определенном Windows-приложении на Mac. Есть большое количество способов запустить полноценную операционную систему и использовать подходящий для неё софт, но зачем такое громоздкое решение для одной простой программы? Самым подходящим решением будет Wine.

Wien не является эмулятором полноценной операционной системы, это — специальная среда для запуска windows-приложений. На базе данной технологии появилось большое число программ, обладающих схожими функциями. Все они являются своего рода «оболочками» для Wine, облегчающими работу пользователя. Мы уже рассказывали о работе с WineSkin, сейчас же поговорим о его аналоге WineBottler.

Выводы

Я «прогнал» свой любимый Faststone Image Viewer через все описанные способы, никаких ошибок или проблем не обнаружил. В каждом из случаев я получал работоспособное приложение с полным набором функций из Windows.

Единственное, что не удалось сделать — настроить запуск картинок через новую программу (по двойному нажатию на файлы определенного типа). Использовать *.exe файлы для ассоциации не позволяет система, а упакованное приложение при запуске не открывает файл, а переходит к последней рабочей папке. Это — не критично, фото открываются из программы.

Подобным способом можно попытаться запустить более серьезные программы, например, 1С или установить неподдерживаемые игры. Результат не гарантирован, но попробовать можно.

Ссылка на основную публикацию